homeWhat is Montessori?
What is Montessori?
It is a system of education in both a philosophy of child growth and a rationale for guiding such growth. It is based on the child’s developmental needs for freedom within limits and a carefully prepared environment that guarantees exposure to materials and experience through which to develop intelligence as well as physical and psychological abilities. It is designed to take full advantage of the self-motivation and unique ability of young children to develop their own capabilities. Children need adults to expose them to the possibilities of their lives, but the children themselves must direct their responses to those possibilities.
Key principles of Montessori education are:
- Children are to be respected and treated as individuals.
- Children possess unusual sensitivity and mental ability to absorb and learn from their environment, unlike adults, both in quality and capacity.
- The most important years of growth are the first six years of life, when unconscious learning is gradually brought to a conscious level.
- Children have a deep love and need for purposeful work (play). The child works, however, not as an adult for profit and completion of a task, but for the sake of the activity itself.
Montessori identified ‘the universal characteristics of childhood’ from her observations of children of different cultures at various stages in their development. These characteristics can be summed up as follows:
· All children have ‘absorbent’ minds.
· All children pass through ‘sensitive periods’.
· All children want to learn.
· All children learn through play (work).
· All children want to be independent.